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International Journal of Migration Studies.

ISSN: 2173-1950
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| Biannual Journal | Open on-line Issue: N. 9 | Vol. 9(2), 2019 |            
Article - Vol. 9(2), 2019:
Cross-border workers in Europe: Causes and consequences of an expanding phenomenon
By Rafael Viruela

   In Europe, more than two million people work in one country and reside in another, to whom they return every day or, at least, once a week. This article outlines the im-portance of these displacements, their geographical distribution, the factors that con-tribute to cross-border mobility, the obstacles that prevent them from reaching greater breadth and its consequences. This research is based on the statistical information pro-vided by Eurostat and the European Commission and on the results of studies carried from different countries. The increase in border mobility is related, among other fac-tors, to the extension of the European Union and the right of free movement of work-ers, geographical proximity and economic and labour differences between the place of work and the residence. The comings and goings increase rapidly in post-communist countries, which stand out as exporters of labour. The job offer is concentrated in Cen-tral Europe, where Germany, Switzerland, Luxembourg and Austria are the main at-tractors.

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Article - Vol. 9(2), 2019:
Bayesian spatial modeling of municipal immigration risk in Chiapas
By Gerardo Núñez Medina & Jorge López Arévalo

   Introduction: The work seeks to analyze the spatial distribution of municipal immigration observed in municipalities of Chiapas in 2015, under the assumption that immigration is spatially concentrated forming non-random patterns.
   Method: the identification of immigration patterns was made with a Bayesian additive log-linear model that is specified through a spatial stochastic process indexed by a Gaussean Markov Random Field.
   Results: The results prove the existence of a spatial pattern on inmigratory route of passage, however, the recorded levels of poverty and access to health services do not yield significant results.
   Discussion and/or Conclusion: The hypothesis that immigration responds to factors such as access to health services and the percentage of the population living in poverty is analyzed, so that low levels of poverty and high levels of access to health services will make municipalities more attractive to immigration. The results seem to contradict such a statement.

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Article - Vol. 9(2), 2019:
The role of established immigrants within institutionalised immigrant integration in Israel
By Amandine Desille

   To which extent does the participation of ‘co-ethnics’ in immigrant integration policy implementation enable a more accommodating approach towards newcomers? Whereas immigrant integration policymaking has usually been envisaged through a host/stranger prism, Israel municipal departments for “Aliyah and absorption” (that is for Jewish immigration, and the integration of new Jewish immigrants) provides an interesting case: the last decades, they have primarily recruited established first-generation immigrants to cater for the newest Jewish immigrants settling in their cities. This article offers some new insights regarding the participation of these established immigrants in the implementation of Israel immigrant integration policies. On the one hand, these municipal service workers, and other local actors working towards immigrant integration, have permitted a more pluralist approach to socio-cultural integration; on the other hand, the rather partial diversity of these established immigrants –mostly Western Russian-speaking immigrants–, has limited the potential for an alternative, less ‘ethno-centred’ approach to immigrant settlement to develop.

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Article - Vol. 9(2), 2019:
Comparison and relation of Subjective well-being and overall life satisfaction with life in native and immigrant adolescents of the Metropolitan Region of Chile
By Cristián Céspedes Carreño , Ferrán Viñas Poch, Sara Malo Cerrato, Andrés Rubio Rivera & Juan Carlos Oyanedel Sepúlveda

   Introduction: The adolescent migration in Chile is a phenomenon in development and whose study is incipient. The importance of researching adolescent migration has implications in terms of integration, adaptation and quality of life for the new inhabitants of Chile. This article, which aims to compare subjective well-being and life satisfaction among native and migrant students in terms of gender and age, presents the results obtained in a study carried out in the Santiago district of the Metropolitan Region of Chile in 2018.
   Method: The PWI-SC5 and OLS Scales were administered to a sample of 406 adolescents between the ages of 12 and 16 years. 56.65% of the students corresponded to women and 43.35% to men. The sample consisted of 55.91% of students born in Chile and 44.09% of migrant students.
   Results: Although in the results of the three-factor ANOVA of the PWI-SC5 Scale, no effects of interaction between gender, age and indigenous or migrant condition were observed, differences between native and migrant students are observed in relation to material satisfaction and with the use of time. Likewise, statistically significant differences were only found in the OLS variable according to the gender of the students. Regarding the overall satisfaction with life, the results show that the age group and the condition of native or migrant are affected. In the case of native students, the areas of subjective well-being that were significant as predictors of OLS were satisfaction with relationships with people, with adult listening and with the use of time, while for the migrant students only the last two of these were significant.
   Discussion: The discussion emphasizes the need to continue exploring the subject with larger samples and longitudinally.

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