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International Journal of Migration Studies.

ISSN: 2173-1950
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The articles of this journal are under a Licence Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported

| Biannual Journal | Open on-line Issue: N. 9 | Vol. 9(2), 2019 |            
Article - Vol. 9(2), 2019:
Bayesian spatial modeling of municipal immigration risk in Chiapas
By Gerardo Núñez Medina & Jorge López Arévalo

   Introduction: The work seeks to analyze the spatial distribution of municipal immigration observed in municipalities of Chiapas in 2015, under the assumption that immigration is spatially concentrated forming non-random patterns.
   Method: the identification of immigration patterns was made with a Bayesian additive log-linear model that is specified through a spatial stochastic process indexed by a Gaussean Markov Random Field.
   Results: The results prove the existence of a spatial pattern on inmigratory route of passage, however, the recorded levels of poverty and access to health services do not yield significant results.
   Discussion and/or Conclusion: The hypothesis that immigration responds to factors such as access to health services and the percentage of the population living in poverty is analyzed, so that low levels of poverty and high levels of access to health services will make municipalities more attractive to immigration. The results seem to contradict such a statement.

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Article - Vol. 9(2), 2019:
The role of established immigrants within institutionalised immigrant integration in Israel
By Amandine Desille

   To which extent does the participation of ‘co-ethnics’ in immigrant integration policy implementation enable a more accommodating approach towards newcomers? Whereas immigrant integration policymaking has usually been envisaged through a host/stranger prism, Israel municipal departments for “Aliyah and absorption” (that is for Jewish immigration, and the integration of new Jewish immigrants) provides an interesting case: the last decades, they have primarily recruited established first-generation immigrants to cater for the newest Jewish immigrants settling in their cities. This article offers some new insights regarding the participation of these established immigrants in the implementation of Israel immigrant integration policies. On the one hand, these municipal service workers, and other local actors working towards immigrant integration, have permitted a more pluralist approach to socio-cultural integration; on the other hand, the rather partial diversity of these established immigrants –mostly Western Russian-speaking immigrants–, has limited the potential for an alternative, less ‘ethno-centred’ approach to immigrant settlement to develop.

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Article - Vol. 9(2), 2019:
Comparison and relation of Subjective well-being and overall life satisfaction with life in native and immigrant adolescents of the Metropolitan Region of Chile
By Cristián Céspedes Carreño , Ferrán Viñas Poch, Sara Malo Cerrato, Andrés Rubio Rivera & Juan Carlos Oyanedel Sepúlveda

   Introduction: The adolescent migration in Chile is a phenomenon in development and whose study is incipient. The importance of researching adolescent migration has implications in terms of integration, adaptation and quality of life for the new inhabitants of Chile. This article, which aims to compare subjective well-being and life satisfaction among native and migrant students in terms of gender and age, presents the results obtained in a study carried out in the Santiago district of the Metropolitan Region of Chile in 2018.
   Method: The PWI-SC5 and OLS Scales were administered to a sample of 406 adolescents between the ages of 12 and 16 years. 56.65% of the students corresponded to women and 43.35% to men. The sample consisted of 55.91% of students born in Chile and 44.09% of migrant students.
   Results: Although in the results of the three-factor ANOVA of the PWI-SC5 Scale, no effects of interaction between gender, age and indigenous or migrant condition were observed, differences between native and migrant students are observed in relation to material satisfaction and with the use of time. Likewise, statistically significant differences were only found in the OLS variable according to the gender of the students. Regarding the overall satisfaction with life, the results show that the age group and the condition of native or migrant are affected. In the case of native students, the areas of subjective well-being that were significant as predictors of OLS were satisfaction with relationships with people, with adult listening and with the use of time, while for the migrant students only the last two of these were significant.
   Discussion: The discussion emphasizes the need to continue exploring the subject with larger samples and longitudinally.

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Article - Vol. 9(2), 2019:
Comparison between immigrants and natives in the intergenerational conflict experience
By María Verónica Calín navarro & Juan J. Vera Martínez

   Introduction: Second generation immigrants have to face the acculturation process, living in a country different from the one of their parents’; and, at the same time, they experience the conflicts that arise in adolescence (linked to identity, sense of belonging, and socialization values). This can threaten family life, fostering disagreements on issues such as education, expectations, dating or relationships. In this essay the perception of the relationships and conflicts with parents among young native and second-generation immigrants are compared.
   Method: A survey is used to investigate these differences among intergenerational discrepancies/settings. 127 "native" young people and 77 "second-generation immigrants" respond individually in a class session, two questionnaires on perceived intergenerational conflict (ICI, Chung, 2001) and parents-children ties (IPPA, Armsden y Greenberg, 1989).
   Results: We noticed significant differences between native and immigrant groups in aspects related to beliefs, relationships, and family time. But not in other aspects that showed higher level of conflict related to education or dating. In addition, close relations between young people and parents are not the same for mothers and fathers, reflecting differences in dimensions that are significant. The immigrant youth begins to feel Spanish (although not uniformly) and feels more identified with Spain than with their original parent’s country.
   Discussion and/or Conclusion: Intergenerational conflict presents differences between locals and immigrants, although not widespread nor uniform. The quality of parent-child relationship shows better on native than on immigrants, and in mothers over fathers, although this happens in different dimensions of the relationship. The impact of acculturation on the intergenerational relationships/conflicts reflects trends and indicators which should continue being investigated, to the extent that can influence family adaptation and socialization in second-generation immigrants.

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