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International Journal of Migration Studies.

ISSN: 2173-1950
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| Biannual Journal | Open on-line Issue: N. 10 | Vol.10(1), 2020 |            
Article - Vol.10(1), 2020:
Agricultural employers facing immigration: looking back in the territory of Lleida for the period 2005-2015
By Ramon Julià Traveria Agustín González Rodríguez, Xavier Miranda Ruche

   Introduction: In order to broaden the perspective of the phenomenon of foreign workers in the agricultural sector in this article we incorporate a specific view of the employer. To achieve this goal, first, we deepen the perceptions of this agent about immigrant workers and, subsequently, we place the evolution of the hiring strategies they have carried out. The researchers focus on the province of Lleida between 2005 and 2015. This decade is especially relevant for an analytical point of view, because it integrates three different periods of the economic cycle in Spain, such as: growth, crisis and beginning of economic recovery.
   Method: This paper is based on two doctoral theses carried out by two signatory authors of this text, which integrated in their object of study the main issue presented here. Both combined qualitative and quantitative research techniques. Its aggregation allows to cover the indicated period. For the analysis, a longitudinal interpretation perspective has been established based on the main findings obtained in each one. This perspective has been put in relation to the existing literature.
   Results: Significant variations have been found on the entrepreneurial vision of migrants based on the cycles indicated. However, contracting strategies maintain a certain continuity throughout the period studied.
   Conclusion: We point out a certain tendency towards stability in the relations that agricultural employers maintain with immigrant workers within the three moments studied. This is explained by the result of a process of reducing distrust and acquiring a positive experience, in functional and economic terms, which allows entrepreneurs to keep the need for manpower in this sector covered.

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Article - Vol.10(1), 2020:
Greek university students’ attitudes towards refugees: The role of contact with refugees in a common context since the beginning of refugees’ arrival
By Georgios Nikolaou Eleni Samsari

   Introduction: The massive migration flow that arrived into Europe since 2015 was a new challenge which gained prominent attention. Despite the vast literature on migration processes, research on refugees’ arrival in Greece is still limited. The aim of this study was to examine Greek university students’ attitudes towards refugees and to explore factors that are possibly related to the academic context where participants studied or to their contact with refugees.
   Method: A self-report questionnaire was administered to 437 Greek young adults with a mean age of 22.63 years (SD=4.72).
   Results: Factorial ANOVA showed a significant interaction effect among gender, year of study and academic discipline on attitudes towards refugees. A multiple linear regression analysis also showed that the interaction effect of seeing a refugee, meeting a refugee and discussing with a refugee explained a small but a significant proportion of variance in attitudes towards refugees.
   Discussion: Findings have important implications for the better integration of refugees in Greece.

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Article - Vol.10(1), 2020:
The Palestinian enclave in Guatemala City
By Vicken Kayayan


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Article - Vol.10(1), 2020:
Migrant Entrepreneurship in Spain: A Systematic Review
By María Vitores Mercedes Fernández Raquel Caro

   Introduction: Spain became an immigrant receiving country in the mid-nineties of the 20th century, when foreign workers started arriving, attracted by the booming market for unskilled labour. They traditionally entered the secondary market as employees, showing a self-employment rate lower than that of natives. However, during the economic downturn, ethnic businesses significantly increased, adopting new strategies and proving the resilience of immigrant entrepreneurs.
   Method: This paper aims to gather peer-reviewed literature to investigate migrant entrepreneurship in Spain, and its implications in immigrant’s performance in the labour market. Thirty-nine papers met the criteria.
   Results: Results show that migrant entrepreneurs: (1) respond to necessity and opportunity (2) are mainly focused on open market, rather than on ethnic business; (3) seek support in transnational practices.
   Discussion and/or Conclusion: Our analysis shows that Spanish migrant entrepreneurs’ behavior is not fully fitting into the classical theoretical frameworks and that in general there is a certain overlapping or a new model arising. In fact, the crisis has brought changes to ethnic minority businesses and their vulnerability with higher turnover. But it also has brought opportunities, innovation, new niches, transnational focus, and certain ease in access to property.

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